Beyond these subtle differences, though, we are talking about the same car fundamentally as the D3. Which means that you get a 3.0-litre straight six with 345bhp and 516lb ft of torque.
It’s mated to ZF’s ubiquitous but superb eight-speed automatic gearbox. And that’s enough to fire the 1585kg D4 coupé to 60mph in 4.6sec, to 100mph in about 10 seconds and to a top speed of 173mph, while the convertible amazingly manages the same trick despite its weight deficit. This is a diesel car, remember, not some hunk of fire-breathing mid-engined Italian exotica.
The D4’s best party trick, however, is its ability to deliver such thundering levels of performance while returning more than 40mpg in the real world, and a touring range of almost 500 miles.
Fair enough, if you thrash the living daylights out of it, the D4 might return as low as 35-36mpg (shock, horror). But if you were to drive a factory BMW M4 in a similar fashion, it would be at least 10mpg if not 15mpg thirstier.
In theory, then, the D4 should drive identically to the sharp-handling, smooth-riding, monstrously rapid D3 Biturbo, and in most respects it does. But there are slight differences in the detail, some but not all of which are welcome.
For starters, the D4 test car’s ride was not as soothing as our long-term D3’s, almost certainly a consequence of it being fitted with the larger 20-inch wheels and tyres. These look sexier than the standard 19s, but they do little for the car’s refinement. And in the end, the D3/D4’s oozing sense of refinement is arguably its most defining characteristic.
Second, the D4’s driving position, despite being more sporting in theory, doesn’t somehow feel as natural as the D3’s. And then, of course, there is the extra visual appeal but also the equally clear reduction in practicality with the D4 purely because it has only two doors.
On one hand, it’s great to be able to have so much rear seat and boot space available in a coupé and a convertible, as most cars in this class ask for more compromises in packaging than the D4 does.
On the other hand, the styling upgrade from the already smart D3 is hardly significant, but not being able to access the rear seats via a separate door could be considered a significant compromise.
Overall, the Alpina D4 is a more than welcome – if slightly inevitable – stablemate to the excellent D3. Diesel-engined coupes may not sound like a match made in heaven, but the sheer pace of the D4, combined with its tidy fuel economy, is persuasive.
As a pair, they make quite a duo. And when you consider the convertible D4 and the D3 Touring, the picture-perfect range of Alpinas will be complete.